Have you ever found yourself marveling at the powerful illumination capabilities of a majestic halogen lamp? Probably not since you are not a bug, after all. However, out of sheer curiosity, you might have had a slight desire to touch the glowing halogen lamp with your fingers.
To quench that curiosity, this article is here to help. It will tell you the various details of what might happen when you touch a halogen bulb, why it happens, and under what conditions. So, read away now to know all the details.
How Do Halogen Light Bulbs Work?
Before figuring out whether we can touch them or not, we have to know what exactly we are touching. Halogen is the successor of the incandescent light bulb. It is significantly more effective than its comparatively primitive predecessor. It has a longer lifespan and is more durable as well.
Like its predecessor, Halogen bulbs generate light as a by-product of the heat they create. Meaning, halogen light bulbs do not directly generate light. Instead, it comes from the ignition of a mixture of inert gas and the halogen elements within the glass. These elements include iodine and bromine.
The halogen bulb, much like the incandescent bulbs, produces light by using electricity to heat up the tungsten filament; the wire-like structure at the center of the light bulb.
By heating up this filament to a high temperature, the tungsten starts becoming white-hot. The heat is so intense; it begins radiating white light. This is how the light is produced.
Halogen bulbs light up the exact same way. However, there are some minor differences which set them apart. These differences come from the fact that these bulbs contain a mixture of gas and halogen group elements. It causes a reaction with the tungsten vapor that is produced by heating up the tungsten filament.
Incandescent bulbs have a short lifespan due to the constant release of the tungsten vapor. The release eventually renders the tungsten useless and incapable of lighting up as it used to, thus ending the life cycle of the light bulb.
Halogen light bulbs, however, prolong this to a massive extent. The reaction from the mixture of gases with the tungsten vapor keeps the released vapor from evaporating. Amazingly, the gas combines with the released atoms and maintains them in a state where the released energy is absorbed back by the tungsten filament.
As a result, the filament is capable of lasting much longer than incandescent light bulbs. It also enables the bulb to shine brighter without burning out your bulb.
How Is The Halogen Bulb Made?
Now that we know how it works, we have to know how it is made to perfectly understand what is to happen if we touch them. For starters, we have learned that halogen bulbs are made up of halogen gases and tungsten filament. However, what truly determines whether we can touch it is what encases the bulb.
The contents of a light bulb are encased by a usually-transparent material called an envelope. For example, for the average light bulb, the envelope is made of thin frosted glass.
These are quite fragile, but superb for passing out the light. They work perfectly well with the incandescent light bulbs to provide the illumination that it does.
A very important characteristic these envelopes must have is the ability to withstand heat. Light production through heat generation requires intense amounts of heat. Intense may just be an understatement, as it generates heat up to 4,500 degrees Fahrenheit (roughly 2,500 degrees Celsius).
The envelopes must be equipped to withstand such temperatures. Due to its style of construction, incandescent light bulbs can get away with keeping large envelopes. This way, the heat is not attacking the envelope as intensely as it could. If the glass is made shorter, it runs the risk of melting the frosted glass.
Halogen bulbs, on the other hand, cannot get away with this. Its construction requires the glass to be much more compact. The thin, frosted glass would not be able to handle being that compact, so as a substitute, halogen bulbs use quartz.
Quartz is astronomically more heat-resistant. Since halogen bulbs call for the envelope to be closer to the filament, quartz is the perfect material to handle the intense heat it releases.
However, the quartz envelope's resistance to heat does not mean that it emits less heat. In fact, it emits much more heat compared to incandescent bulbs due to being smaller and closer to the filament. As such, it produces extreme heat that should not be taken lightly.
So, Can You Touch A Halogen Bulb?
From the last paragraph, it should be very clear that you should not touch a halogen light bulb. The extreme heat generated by the filament and emitted by the bulb, if touched, may cause severe burns to your body.
When touched, heat is also concentrated on the point of contact. So, even if you were just to place a finger on the bulb while it is lit, it will cause intense burns on your fingers. From this, it becomes pretty evident that you should not touch a halogen light bulb when it is lit.
However, can you touch it when it is not lit? Well, of course. As the filament is not being heated up by electricity, it is generally very cool and safe.
Of course, quartz is not all that hard. As such, putting too much pressure runs the risk of cracking the bulb. Additionally, you do not want smudges on the envelope. These decreases illumination. It is advised to handle them with clothes rather than your fingers.
Halogen bulbs are a scientific marvel, but like everything else, it does come with its drawbacks. Although you might have been curious, it is better just to be safe rather than reckless. After all, you now know the science behind why you should not touch a halogen bulb under any condition.